Seminar paper from the year 2020 in the subject Sociology - Law, Delinquency, Abnormal Behavior, grade: 100, Saint Leo University, course: Criminal Justice, Behavioral Science, Forensic Science, language: English, abstract: In this paper there will be an in depth look into vampire fanaticism and cult TV, clinical vampirism in relation to mental illness, vampire cults which commit occult crimes, and gothic criminology. Vampire Cults have been an issue in the United States for well over a decade. These cults have similar structures to that of other present-day cults and pose a hazard to society. With the rising popularity of supernatural beings in the media, dangerous fanatics have also risen in numbers over the years. Yet, occult crime scenes are not as understood or thought of as an internal threat.
Master's Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Sociology - Law, Delinquency, Abnormal Behavior, grade: Distinction, Liverpool John Moores University (School of Law), course: Criminal Justice, language: English, abstract: This thesis employs qualitative methods to examine the subjective experiences of 9 South Asian females in the United Kingdom, all with varying exposure to honour based violence and the criminal justice system. Recurrent themes emerge from their accounts to suggest that abusive acts arise out of a multiplicity of cultural circumstances influenced by power and gender relations. Interdisciplinary theoretical analysis in criminology, criminal justice, sociology, law, cultural studies, psychology and political science compliment the research, with the interplay between contradictory discourses neo-liberalism and neo-conservatism demonstrating how the volatile and pensive climates of multiculturalism embedded in contemporary issues of terrorism, sexuality and patriarchy, fracture social relations in the dichotomy of belonging and identity. The notion of honour is explored, seen both as a tool to constrain women's independence and as a catalyst for violence when notions of family and community norms are challenged. Case descriptions from the UK are employed to illuminate how the concept of honour is used in practice, as well as highlighting problems with accountability and the lack of civil and criminal remedies that fail to provide women with adequate protection whilst covertly legitimating male violence. Recommendations include holistic responses in the provision of training for criminal justice bodies, the creation of guidelines and legislation specific to honour based violence, and the development of specialist voluntary services.
The book is based on the juvenile delinquency and youth unrest analysis of crimes in the four major slums in Nairobi, Kenya. The book objectives included the identification of the nature, typology, and causes of youth crimes and a description of their preventive measures. Juvenile delinquency is youth abnormal behavior, which can be proven to be dangerous to society. Juvenile delinquency is a serious problem of the modern world societies, this is the result of speedy urbanization and industrialization of our times. The youth moving from rural areas to the cities, end up living in city slums are highly vulnerable. Dr Ndikaru Wa Teresia elucidates that youth crimes are quite rampant in the slums of Nairobi and manifested in a multiplicity of forms, namely, illicit brews, assault, burglary, robbery, rape, and even murder. The crime rates in the slums led to high mortalities, loss of property and the general increase in lawlessness. The book identified remedial measures, among them community policing, police patrol and community guards. The book will be useful to university students.
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Sociology - Law, Delinquency, Abnormal Behavior, grade: 1,7, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, language: English, abstract: Statistics are one of the basic instruments on which our society relies. They are for instance used to detect trends or to develop theories on specific topics, or in order to get public-relevant information about the current situation in specific countries. Apart from that, also governments use statistics so as to make certain decisions or to develop long-term strategies on particular issues. Everything is at least in a small way affected by statistical data and their subsequent conclusions. In order to support the importance of official statistics, the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany stated in its decision on the census of population that official statistics are an indispensable basis for a welfare state. All this also applies to the official criminal statistics. Governments, for example, use them to improve the performance of their own criminal justice system to achieve a safer environment for their citizens . The public is interested in the data to find out about the crime risks in their neighborhood and how the authorities are dealing with it. Criminal statistics are frequently used by politicians or in the mass media to substantiate an allegation without challenging the data. By doing this, it is assumed that the statistics are infallible and present a full image of the extent of crime This point, however, has to be critically judged, since official statistics seem to be 'both partial and subjectively constructed' . In this paper, I will outline the positive and negative aspects of official criminal statistics. Moreover, I will discuss, if they have the ability to represent the full extent of crime or not.
Essay from the year 2009 in the subject Sociology - Law, Delinquency, Abnormal Behavior, grade: A, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, course: Introduction to Policing, language: English, abstract: Technology has made incredible strides in the 21st century and has aided in the prevention, apprehension, and conviction of many offenders. However, these expensive resources require specially trained personnel to operate in an already, often understaffed, police force (Griffiths, 2008, p. 98). Although, policing techniques have adapted to the ever changing nature of crime, offenders have adopted new ways of concealing their misconduct. How should law enforcement agencies respond to this? Do laws need to be stricter? Do police need more funding? Currently, the answer is not in the future, but in the past. Man and beast once fought in a constant struggle for dominance. Once an enemy, now a companion, the trained dog has proven to be an effective resource for police departments (Mesloh, 2000). This paper will briefly explore the beneficial traits of police dogs and determine if expanding their use will aid in effective policing. First, what types of skills do police dogs have? What training can they undertake? Second, how can their use benefit police departments and society? Third, what are the costs associated with training and maintenance? How can dogs save money?
Essay from the year 2013 in the subject Sociology - Law, Delinquency, Abnormal Behavior, grade: 5,2, Sheffield Hallam University (Criminology), language: English, abstract: In industrialised countries such as Germany and England the number of honour killings committed have increased (Schirrmacher, 2009). Cases in both countries have experienced large media attention and have been closely reported. The media in western countries tends to magnify differences especially from and to the Islamic world (Nelken 2010). Honour crimes and killings do not only occur in Eastern and Arab countries such as Pakistan Turkey or Iran etc., through globalisation and the increase of migration, honour killings have become an increasing problem in western countries as well (Schirrmacher, 2009). Continuing improvements of various means of transport and mobility has acquired a new dimension in the world of modernity (Garland, 2001). Globalisation is as Held (1999) writes, the widening deepening and speeding up of worldwide interconnections in all aspects of contemporary life. Honour killings are closely linked to globalisation and migration issues. The most striking similarity between England and Germany is the total number of committed honour killings in the past few years. One can also find high resemblances in the convictions and sentences of perpetrator of honour killings. Despite these similarities the focus is to examine the cultural, social political and historical context of these high profile crimes in both countries. The United Nation has published a response to crimes in the name of honour against women. In their last resolution from 2004 the UN expressed deep concerns that women and girls continue to be victims of honour based crimes. They remind states to exercise, to prevent, investigate and punish the perpetrators of such crimes committed against women and girls (UN, 2004). This comparative case study will focus on the state responses, which are required by the UN. Therefore the examination will lay out the differences and similarities of state responses through legislations and police task forces and other law enforcements, how honour killings are recognised by the state in these two European countries. This examination will explore these responses within the cultural political social and historical context. In this project the focus is on honour killings, the extremist form of honour based violence and will undertake a comparison on how these two European countries respond to this violation of human rights in a broader context.
Scientific Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Sociology - Law, Delinquency, Abnormal Behavior, grade: 2.1 (British scale), The University of York, course: Sociology with Criminology, language: English, abstract: This paper will attempt to evaluate Kai Erikson's functionalist criminological perspective in his work 'Wayward Puritans', and will determine to what extent deviance in society is an important condition in preserving the stability of social life.
Scientific Essay from the year 2007 in the subject Sociology - Law, Delinquency, Abnormal Behavior, grade: A, Loughborough University (United Kingdom Loughborough University), course: Economics of Criminology , 16 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Criminality is and has always been an urgent issue for the society. Its magnitude has been rising dramatically in many western countries. Since 1946, crime rates in Britain have increased by the factor 10 and nowadays about 25% to 30% of the OECD-citizens are victimised each year. Together with criminality, public expenditure for the Criminal Justice System (CJS) has been rising sharply. In order to achieve one of the declared main purposes of the CJS, 'to reduce crime and the fear of crime and their social and economic costs', theories of crime are an important contribution of the sciences. Accordingly, they are an important subject in many scientific fields: Psychology, Sociology and the Economic Sciences offer a large variety of different theories to explain the diverse aspects of criminality. The following text will discuss how and to what extend theories of crime and in particular economic theories of crime can help to reduce crime and the fear of crime. In the process, first the economic and social cost- dimensions of crime will be elucidated. Then, crime theories and in particular Becker's theory as the pioneering work of economic criminology will be introduced. Eventually, a critical view on theories of crime and the economic approach as well as an analysis of its distinctive advantages will be elaborated.
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Sociology - Law, Delinquency, Abnormal Behavior, grade: B+, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine (-), language: English, abstract: The tourism industry is the world's fastest growing industry and largest employer. In the Caribbean, tourism it is one of the largest and most dynamic industries. Given its economic importance, tourism has become fully incorporated in the deliberate development of Caribbean countries. In Trinidad and Tobago, tourism is one of the larger growing service sectors. Tourism has been identified as a sector that will play a critical role in the nation's drive toward economic diversification and sustainability (TDC 2006). The islands of Trinidad and Tobago are distinctive in both nature and appeal. While the duality presents a challenge for developing a logical approach for the country, it offers an incredible opportunity to create two distinctive tourism experiences, each competitive in their own right and is even more attractive if taken together.