In the context of global food security, ensuring sustainable agricultural production is a major concern. It s a vital issue in those countries like Bangladesh, where agriculture acts as a prevailing sector for national economy. Around 80% of the total population living in the rural areas of Bangladesh, are engaged in different agricultural activities for the sake of their livelihood. But in the current era, this sector is passing through some uncertainties due to the concurrent climate change. It has been well recognized that, due to climate change, Khulna district, one of the largest south west coastal regions of Bangladesh would be the worst victimized cities over the whole world. Besides fisheries, agriculture is the primary occupation in this coastal area. For reduction of fish production, people who were engaged with fisheries are now changing their livelihood to agriculture. At the micro scale, local farmers are experiencing the losses due to the infrequent abnormal changes of climatic parameters specially the temperature and precipitation. Through this study, an attempt was taken to explore the local evidence of climatic variability as well as its impact on crop production.
This book offers a highly informative guide to forceps devices and delivery techniques. Extensive figures and animations offer readers vivid insights into the fetus station, pelvis, and inserted forceps. The book covers normal presentation and abnormal rotation, presentation and attitudes, and especially focuses on the assessment of fetal descent. It discusses the problem with conventional fetal station, and explains the revised one based on the trapezoidal plane.Instrumental delivery is chosen in cases of worrisome fetal status, protracted labor, or maternal fatigue. Forceps can provides a greater pulling power than vacuum extraction, and the fetus can be delivered in a short time, though this technique calls for experience and technical proficiency. The book argues that in order to ensure safe and reliable forceps delivery, assessment of the fetal station and the site of the largest fetal head circumference is critical.The book offers a new and indispensable reference guide for all obstetricians, not only for residents, but also for all experienced professionals involved in the training of beginners, and even for those using vacuum extraction who would like to assess the fetus more objective and practically.
Cancer is an un-control growth of cells. Cancer cells grow in an abnormal fashion, crowd out the normal cells. Liver is the largest organ inside the body, hepatocellular carcinoma is a cancer arising from liver. Laryngeal cancer affects the larynx, which is often called voice box, common in males. Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer in the world, leading cause of death from cancer in men. Multiple gene mutations are involved in cancer pathology. Type I interferons (IFN , IFN , IFN ) are the proteins involved in cell signaling and growth. This study was conducted to determine whether mutation in IFN 1 plays a significant role in liver, larynx and lung cancer. Paraffin embedded tissues of liver, larynx and lung were used for DNA isolation. SSCP technique was used to detect mutation. Only two samples of lung carcinoma shows the mobility shift on SSCP gel. It was observed that people in older age have more chances of cancer. In general population, males are more prone to larynx and lung cancer than female. Significant values were observed (p0.05), when age, cancer and mutation were analyzed.
By retrieving entries from the financial-data vendor Wind and collecting relevant data from private placement statements, the author builds a proprietary database and studies five aspects of private placement in China. He examines which listed firms are more likely to choose private placement over SEO in refinancing, he looks into the controlling shareholder's decision on whether or not to purchase privately placed shares, he investigates how the offer discount is determined, he calculates announcement periods for abnormal returns on private placements. Where the abnormal return is significantly positive, he documents positive long-run abnormal return on private offerings and evidence supporting the under-reaction hypothesis. Finally, he concludes that the largest shareholders tunnel by means of excess discounts from which they benefit but which is harmful to other shareholders.
Analyzing financial statements and searching for cheap stocks (technically referred to as value stocks) are predominant parts of the job which anyone who is interested in investing in the stock market has to do. This book investigates the efficiency of a fundamental analysis model which is tailored for value stocks in the context of the Japanese stock market the second largest market in the world. I find that a simple composite score that are calculated based on seven fundamental signals can significantly and robustly enhance the performance of a value investing strategy that concentrates on high book-to-market stocks in Japan. Moreover, it is also documented that although the profit from such a trading strategy appears to be abnormal under the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), it is explained by the Fama-French three-factor model which supports a risk-based explanation for this accounting-based value investing strategy. This book could help enhance the efficiency of investment decisions in the Japanese market significantly, and is of particular importance to those who targets buying or holding underpriced stocks.
Nasal airflow has not yet been definitively characterised. In addition, there is currently no accepted method to predict airflow in an individual nose, forcing surgeons to rely solely on subjective judgement when deciding whether a patient suffering nasal obstruction would benefit from surgery. The aim of this research was to develop accurate numerical models of nasal airflow to improve understanding of nasal airflow and to conceive a clinical tool to aid in decision-making process regarding nasal surgery. This work presents the largest series of nasal geometries studied to date. Nasal airflow characteristics in healthy nasal airways were found to be consistent. However, potentially important inter-individual variations in flow characteristics were predicted, particularly in relation to anatomically abnormal nasal passages. Analysis of nasal wall shear stress has demonstrated an area of high friction in the anterior nasal septum at the site of predilection for nasal bleeding, suggesting a link between the two. Numerical modelling shows promise as a clinical tool and has the potential to predict the effects of surgical interventions (virtual nasal surgery).
This book focuses on the forecasting power of breadth of ownership of Portuguese mutual funds on stock returns. Majority of studies tend to focus on the markets of China and the United States. We utilize a model with differences of opinion and short-sales constraints similar to that of Chen et al. (2002). Using data on mutual fund holdings we find that stocks with the largest negative changes in breadth tend to significantly underperform stocks with the largest positive changes in breadth in short horizons of one month and one quarter. However, the results are mixed when looking at longer horizons. We also find evidence to show that short-sales constraints matter for stock returns. Therefore, when short sales constraints are binding stocks prices are high when compared to fundamentals. This proves that our results are consistent with the Miller (1977) model. Further, we show that are results hold during periods of a financial crisis as well. This study also highlights that there are limits to arbitrage, as suggested by Shleifer and Vishny (1997), because of market frictions such as short-sales constraints which can lead to abnormal returns in constraint stocks.
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Sociology - Law, Delinquency, Abnormal Behavior, grade: B+, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine (-), language: English, abstract: The tourism industry is the world's fastest growing industry and largest employer. In the Caribbean, tourism it is one of the largest and most dynamic industries. Given its economic importance, tourism has become fully incorporated in the deliberate development of Caribbean countries. In Trinidad and Tobago, tourism is one of the larger growing service sectors. Tourism has been identified as a sector that will play a critical role in the nation's drive toward economic diversification and sustainability (TDC 2006). The islands of Trinidad and Tobago are distinctive in both nature and appeal. While the duality presents a challenge for developing a logical approach for the country, it offers an incredible opportunity to create two distinctive tourism experiences, each competitive in their own right and is even more attractive if taken together.
This book highlights research-based case studies in order to analyze the wealth created in the world&#8217;s largest mergers and acquisitions (M&A). This book encourages cross fertilization in theory building and applied research by examining the links between M&A and wealth creation. Each chapter covers a specific case and offers a focused clinical examination of the entire lifecycle of M&A for each mega deal, exploring all aspects of the process. The success of M&A are analyzed through two main research approaches: event studies and financial performance analyses. The event studies examine the abnormal returns to the shareholders in the period surrounding the merger announcement. The financial performance studies examine the reported financial results of acquirers before and after the acquisition to see whether financial performance has improved after merger. The relation between method of payment, premium paid and stock returns are examined. The chapters also discuss synergies of the deal-cost and revenue synergies. Mergers and acquisitions represent a major force in modern financial and economic environment. Whether in times of boom or bust, M&As have emerged as a compelling strategy for growth. The biggest companies of modern day have all taken form through a series of restructuring activities like multiple mergers. Acquisitions continue to remain as the quickest route companies take to operate in new markets and to add new capabilities and resources. The cases covered in this book highlights high profile M&As and focuses on the wealth creation for shareholders of acquirer and target firms as a financial assessment of the merger&#8217;s success. The book should be useful for finance professionals, corporate planners, strategists, and managers.