Stock repurchase and abnormal returns in den USA and Germany ab 4.99 EURO
The study benchmarks the risk-return relationship between two countries: Kazakhstan (yet to develop) and Canada (developed). The approach taken in this paper uses the capital asset pricing model, a single factor model and a multi factor model to examine the relationship between different risk factors and stock returns. The results show that Kazakh companies outperformed those working in Canada, exclusion of two companies with abnormal stock returns changes the picture. The main conclusion of the paper is that the CAPM beta explains the excess stock returns of Kazakh companies. In addition, the research does not denote the statically significant relationship between market capitalization, P/E Ratio and firms' beta and excess stock returns. The research finds the evidence of pricing of the leverage risk in Kazakhstan. In addition, the paper finds that the combination of the following factors beta coefficient, firm's Debt-to-Equity Ratio, firm's Market Value and Price/Earning Ratio, has strong explanatory power for the excess stock returns. However, the same set of factors cannot explain the company's beta coefficient.
This study has tested the semi-strong form of efficient market hypothesis by examining the stock price responses to quarterly earnings announcements. The sample consists of 156 companies listed on Bombay Stock Exchange, India. The companies are divided into three portfolios, good news, bad news and overall portfolio on the basis of percentage changes in quarterly earnings and sales. We use raw and log returns, market model, event study methodology, t-test, runs test and sign test. This study presents results on stock price responses to quarterly earnings announcements and seasonal analysis. For all the three portfolios under market model with raw returns and market model with log returns stock price behaviour around quarterly earnings on an average produced abnormal returns in pre-and post-announcement periods. Further, the abnormal returns were found to persist up to 31 trading days after the quarterly earnings announcement. The results indicate that the stock price adjustment to the event is delayed and persists throughout the event window. Therefore, the results of this study show that Indian stock market is not efficient in semi-strong form.
The goal of this thesis is to provide empirical insight into the impact of rating agencies' announcements on stock prices in the Italian market. The study looks at a sample of 330 rating agency announcements concerning Italian issuers from 1995 to 2006. Using the Event Study methodology, it analyzes the stock prices of the companies to determine the existence of any abnormal returns and hence ultimately the impact of rating announcements on the stock market.
Traditional finance theory states that predictability of future stock prices and abnormal profit based on the trading strategies are impossible. But, a number of researchers during 1980's document that stock prices are predictable based on their past returns. In 1993, Jegadeesh and Titman discover medium term momentum in stock prices where past winners continue to outperform past losers by around 1% per month over the period of 3 to 12 months. After that numerous studies document that the momentum effect is a worldwide phenomenon. From different possible explanations of the momentum effect, it seems that neither risk related explanation nor data snooping and flawed methodology is able to provide widely excepted explanation of the phenomenon. The behavioural finance theory with the help of some models, however, appears to provide the best explanations for the momentum effect. These behavioural models are too many and none of these models is superior among others because each model individually contributes to explaining the momentum effect in different markets or different stock types.
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 1.7, The FOM University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, language: English, abstract: Especially after the 90ies, where the stock markets raised enormously, many private investors joined the stock market and were blended by abnormal profits and neglected possible losses. The same behavior could be observed before the Financial Crisis became reality. But each endless raising stock market would finally collapse, because stock prices are randomly and only driven by relevant news. The adjustment to the news is quickly. This is the theoretical argumentation of the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH), which will be evaluated in this paper.The author gives an overview about the EMH by explaining the basic principles and its mathematical formulation. The practical part evaluated the EMH on selected examples, where the theory could only be partly approved.
This paper investigates the existence of the accrual anomaly on the Dutch stock market. It documents that there is statistical evidence to accept that the cash flow component of current earnings is significantly more persistent than the accrual component of current earnings with respect to future earnings. Applying a trading strategy this paper shows that a significant abnormal return can de made by constructing a portfolio consisting of firms with relatively low accruals. However, contrary to U.S. findings, a hedge return consisting of a long position in low accruals firms and a short position in high accruals firms (hedge portfolio) generates neither substantial nor statistically significant returns.
This study analyses the cumulative abnormal return (CAR) to Swedish and German bidders and the impact of method of payment. Cash and Stock as means of financing have been discussed widely in the last decades. More recently the contingent payment form earnout has come to focus of research, and will be further investigated in this study. The study involves a sample of 927 transactions of which 346 bids are made by German and 581 bids are made by Swedish acquirers. Moreover, the sample compromises 24 German and 49 Swedish earnout deals. The sample period is chosen from 01/01/1986 to 31/12/2012 whereby a German or Swedish company acquires a domestic or foreign target of any listing status.
This book examines the value of stock recommendations issued by financial analysts for the the period 1994-2003, using data from JCF Quant. In every month of the sample period, stocks are classified into three portfolios, and studied first by consensus recommendation level and then by changes of consensus level. Returns from the recommendation portfolios are estimated using different models in the context of the portfolio calendar-time methodology. The results obtained show that sell-side analysts are able to detect profitable investment opportunities. Investors may obtain significant positive risk-adjusted abnormal returns constructing a hedge portfolio, buying the best-recommended assets and simultaneously selling the worst consensus stocks. However, a portion of these returns could be attributed to their tendency to recommend the acquisition of big "value" stocks and the sale of small shares with negative price momentum. Finally, the value of an analyst's recommendations is independent of the level of information on the firm, expressed by company size or the number of analysts covering each firm.